Site-Specific Documentary
Apollonia MorrillJohn Lightfoot

film & video


For years people have come to Butte, Montana and written about the city from the outsider's perspective. This film, made between 1997 and 2002, is a continuation of that tradition.

Directed & Filmed by John Lightfoot
23 minutes | 16mm | 2002


Film & Photography
Uptown Butte | film excerpt
  Pekin Noodle Parlor | film excerpt
  Photographs by Site-Specific Documentary, 1997 - 2006
Metals Bank Building Photographs by Apollonia Morrill
Field Recordings
Berkeley Pit, the M&M Bar, Butte kids, bingo at the Knights of Columbus, Easter Sunday, the Yank, and more.
Facts, Figures & Miscellanea
Mines in Butte
Bars in Butte
Butte on film



Books and articles about Butte and the copper industry
(partial list)

  Anselmo Mineyard: Butte, Montana, Washington, DC: National Park Service, Preservation Assistance Division, 1989  
  Boisterous Butte, Joseph Kinsey Howard, Survey Graphic, May, 1939  
  A Brief History Of Butte, Montana: The World's Greatest Mining Camp: Including A Story Of The Extraction And Treatment Of Ores From Its Gigantic Copper Properties, Freeman, Harry C., Chicago, H. O. Shepard Co., printers,  1900  
  Beautiful Columbia Gardens: the far-famed pleasure resort of Butte. Butte, Mont. : Butte Electric Railway Co., [19--]  
  Buster Midnight's Cafe, Sandra Dallas. New York: Random House, 1990  
  Butte-Anaconda Almanac: A Day By Day History Of Montana's Two Greatest Mining & Smelting Towns, Jeanette Prodgers, Butte Historical Society, 1991  
  Butte and Anaconda Revisited: an overview of early-day mining and smelting in Montana, Brian Shovers [et al.]; Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology, 1991  
  Butte and Montana Beneath the X-ray, a collection of editorials from the Butte X-ray during the years 1907-08, Warren G. Davenport, The X-ray Publishing Company, 1908  
  Butte City, Montana, The Largest Mining Camp On Earth, H. K. Bushnell  
  Butte Illustrated, B. E. Calkins, c1897  
  The Butte Irish: Class And Ethnicity In An American Mining Town, 1875-1925, David M. Emmons, c1989  
  Butte, Montana, a Select Bibliography, Mary Murphy, Bill Walker. Butte, Mont. 1980  
  Butte, Montana: a Project Report, U.S. Dept. of the Interior, National Park Service, 1981  
  Butte, Montana. Ordinances, local laws, etc. The compiled ordinances of the City of Butte, 1902. Comp. by Edwin M. Lamb and Harry A. Bolinger. Butte, 1902  
  Butte's Memory Book, Don James; pictures by C. Owen Smithers, Sr. Caldwell, Idaho : Caxton Printers, 1975  
  Butte Under The Hill: A Brief Introduction To Mining And Geology, Sharon E. Lewis, Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology, Montana College of Mineral Science and Technology, 1989  
  Constitution and by-laws of the Western Federation of Miners, adopted at Butte City, Mont., May 19, 1893, amended at Butte, Montana, July 1911. International Union of Mine, Mill, and Smelter Workers.  
  Copper Camp: Stories Of The World's Greatest Mining Town, Butte, Montana, The Writers' Program Of The Work Projects Administration, New York, Hastings House, 1943  
  "The First National Bank of Butte; seventy-five years of continuous banking operation, 1877 to 1952 under the successive ownership and management of three men, each named Andrew Jackson Davis", Butte, Mont., 1952  

Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Butte District, Montana, Walter Harvey Weed, Hill Publishing Co., 1905

  "The Gibraltar: Socialism and Labor in Butte, Montana, 1895-1920", Jerry W. Calvert. Helena : Montana Historical Society Press, 1988  
  "The Great Dynamite Explosions At Butte, Montana, January 15, 1895", John F. Davies, The Butte Bystander, 1895  
  "The Great Western Bus Ride", Jack Kerouac, Esquire, March 1970  
  The Growth And Decline Of Chinese Communities In The Rocky Mountain Region, Lee, Rose Hum, Chicago, 1947  
  Historical Butte: The Richest Hill On Earth, Beverly J. Brothers. Second printing December, 1977  
  Historic Uptown Butte: An Architectural And Historical Analysis Of The Central Business District Of Butte, Montana, John N. DeHaas, Jr., c1977  
  "Into the Pit", Time Magazine, Monday, September 22, 1975  
  Inside USA, John Gunther, Harper & Brothers; 1947  
  I, Mary MacLane; A Diary Of Human Days, Mary MacLane, New York, F. A. Stokes Co., 1917  
  Lessons from the Granite Mountain shaft fire, Butte. Washington, Govt. Printing Office, United States Bureau of Mines, Bulletin 188, 1922.  
  Mining Cultures: Men, Women, and Leisure in Butte, 1914-41, Mary Murphy. University of Illinois Press, 1997  
  Montana, A State Guide Book, Federal Writers' Project. Montana. New York, The Viking Press, 1939  

"The Murder of Frank Little: Radical Labor Agitation in Butte, Montana, 1917", Labor History, X (Spring, 1969), 177-192. Reprinted in Micheal Malone and Richard Roeder (eds.), Montana's Past : Selected Essays, University of Montana Press, 370-391, 1973

  Pegasus Pulls A Hack; Memoirs Of A Modern Minstrel, Berton Braley, 1934  
  Plants Hardy in Butte: a comprehensive index of trees, shrubs, biennials and perennial border and rock plants that have survived at least two Butte winters. Butte, Mont.: Montana Writers' Project, 1941  
  Red Harvest, Dashiell Hammett, New York, A.A. Knopf, 1929  
  "Resources of Butte: its mines and smelters, its growth and wonders, its railroad traffic, commercial advantages, real estate market, attractions as a place of residence and business", Butte Chamber of Commerce, 1895  
  "Review of safety and health conditions in the mines at Butte", Washington, Govt. Printing Office, 1925  
  "Seven Talks About Mines". Butte, Mont.: Montana Standard, 1939  
  The Sheriff of Silver Bow, Berton Braley, 1921  
  Sketches of Butte (from Vigilante days to prohibition), George Wesley Davis, The Cornhill Company, 1921  
  "The Speculator Disaster in 1917, Labor Resurgence at Butte, Montana", Arizona and the West, XI (Spring, 1969), 27-38  
  The Story Of Butte [Guy X. Piatt, editor], Butte, Mont.: Press of the Standard Manufacturing & Printing Co., 1897  
  Tracing The Veins: Of Copper, Culture, And Community From Butte To Chuquicamata, Janet L. Finn. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998  

"The Truth About Butte ...", George R. Tompkins, Butte: Butte Socialist Press, 1917

  Underground Warfare at Butte, Butte, Mont., World Museum of Mining, 1964  
  The War Of The Copper Kings: Builders Of Butte And Wolves Of Wall Street, C.B. Glasscock. New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1935  

John Lightfoot, Apollonia Morrill, Site Specific DocumentaryLatitude: 46.012798 / Longitude: -112.535577